Impaired Immune System
Stress can weaken the immune system, making it more difficult for the body to fight off infections and illnesses. This can be particularly problematic for individuals with chronic health conditions that already compromise the immune system.
When the body is under stress, the stress response system is activated, which can cause the release of stress hormones like cortisol and adrenaline. The production of antibodies, which are proteins that help the immune system to recognise and fight off specific viruses and bacteria are also affected when the body is stressed.
Stress can interfere with sleep, making it more difficult for individuals with chronic health conditions to get the restorative sleep they need. This can exacerbate existing symptoms and make it more difficult to manage the condition effectively.
Ways stress can impact sleep can begin with challenges falling asleep, the quality of sleep achieved and lead to increase risk of developing sleep disorders.